Ninth Circuit: Elected Officials Violated the First Amendment by Blocking Constituents on Social Media--Garnier v. O’Connor-Ratcliff

Ninth Circuit: Elected Officials Violated the First Amendment by Blocking Constituents on Social Media–Garnier v. O’Connor-Ratcliff

This case involves two elected trustees of the Poway Unified School Board (PUSD), Michelle O’Connor-Ratcliff and T.J. Zane. (Poway is a San Diego suburb). They used their Facebook and Twitter pages “to inform constituents about goings-on at the School District…

Probationer Restricted from Using “Gang Symbols” on “Social Media”–In re JT

JT, a minor, was convicted of burglary and more. Based on the probation report, the judge inferred his gang membership. His probation conditions included this restriction: not knowingly post, display or transmit on social media or through his cell phone…

Court Explains How Smileys Are "Prone to Multiple Interpretations"--In re State

Court Explains How Smileys Are “Prone to Multiple Interpretations”–In re State

This case involves a real estate dispute that’s been in the courts for almost 30 years. (Any case tied up in the courts that long is bound to have lots of drama associated with it and usually has gone well…

Apple Defeats Copyright Lawsuit Over Emoji Depictions--Cub Club v. Apple

Apple Defeats Copyright Lawsuit Over Emoji Depictions–Cub Club v. Apple

The court summarizes the case: Cub Club Investment created an app that allowed people to send racially diverse emoji. According to the complaint, when Apple learned of the app, it liked the idea—so much so, in fact, that it copied…

2021 Emoji Law Year-in-Review

2021 Emoji Law Year-in-Review

A recap of emoji law developments in 2021: Court References I maintain a dataset of US court opinions that reference emojis and emoticons. I have compiled the dataset using keyword alerts in Westlaw and Lexis, supplemented by a few opinions…

Evidentiary Issues With Emojis

Evidentiary Issues With Emojis

[I did an interview for a student research project on emojis as evidence, which I’m sharing here.] Tell us a little bit about yourself! What do you work with today? What’s your background and how did you get the role…

Are Individual Emoji Depictions Copyrightable? Yes...Well, Sometimes...It Depends...

Are Individual Emoji Depictions Copyrightable? Yes…Well, Sometimes…It Depends…

Though it might surprise you, copyright can protect individual emoji depictions. However, determining when they are copyrightable is a subtle art. This summer, the Copyright Review Board issued an interesting decision about the registrability of emojis. Though it won’t be the…

My Declaration Identifying Emoji Co. GmbH as a Possible Trademark Troll

My Declaration Identifying Emoji Co. GmbH as a Possible Trademark Troll

There are dozens of federal lawsuits captioned “Emoji Company GmbH v. The Individuals, Corporations, Limited Liability Companies, Partnerships, and Unincorporated Associations Identified on Schedule A Hereto.” Last month, in one of them, I filed a declaration stating that “Emojico appears…

A Roundup of German Caselaw Regarding Emojis and Emoticons (Guest Blog Post)

A Roundup of German Caselaw Regarding Emojis and Emoticons (Guest Blog Post)

by guest blogger Dr. Matthias Pendl, Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law Introduction Emoji are a worldwide phenomenon in modern communication, and so unsurprisingly emoji cases are popping up in Germany as well. Although the number of published…

Emoji Version Variations Help Identify Fabricated Evidence--Rossbach v. Montefiore Medical

Emoji Version Variations Help Identify Fabricated Evidence–Rossbach v. Montefiore Medical

Rossbach worked at Montefiore Medical Center. She claims her supervisor sexually harassed her and then the center retaliated against her. This screenshot is the evidentiary centerpiece of her claim: The last line is the court’s: “This image is a fabrication.”…